Hundertwasser Architecture

Find the best hotel deals

FREE cancellation on most rooms





Friedensreich Hundertwasser, the author of Hundertwasser Haus

Friedensreich Hundertwasser (1928-2000) was an Austrian painter, architect, and one of the most popular persons of Austrian modern art. He is best known as the designer of Hundertwasser Haus in Vienna-Landstrasse, which is one of the most visited sights in Austria.

Hundertwasser Haus, as well as Hundertwasser himself, are symbols of freedom of expression, unusual shapes, wild colour combinations, and connecting buildings with nature.

Creative freedom of buildings

Hundertwasser argued that too much regulation and lack of freedom in design of buildings make people’s lives depressing. He actively promoted freedom in architecture, unconventional shapes, and a greater connection with nature, and gave several legendary lectures and speeches, including nude speeches in 1967 and 1968.

Window Right and Mouldiness Manifesto

Mouldiness Manifesto: Against Rationalism in Architecture by Hundertwasser was first presented in a recitation at the Abbey of Seckau in Austria in 1958. Since then it has been reproduced many times and translated to several languages. The Manifesto contains the so called Window Right Rule:

“The apartment house tenant must have the freedom to reach from his window as far as his arms can stretch to scrape off the mortar or deface the gridwork of his building. He must be allowed to paint as far as his arms can reach – everything pink, for instance, so that from the street or from a distance everyone can see that there lives a man who distinguishes himself from his neighbors…” (from the first English translation of the Mouldiness Manifesto: Against Rationalism in Architecture)

Hundertwasser as architecture doctor

Friedensreich Hundertwasser often referred to himself as the architecture doctor. He has been famous for redesigning boring functional and industrial buildings into pieces of art. Among the best known are the heating plant in Wien-Spittelau, the Mierka Grain Silo in Krems, and the Rosenthal Factory in Selb.

Plants and trees on the roofs

A common element in many works by Hundertwasser, well visible on the Hundertwasser Haus or Spittelau Heating Plant, is the rich vegetation growing from the roof and other parts of the buildings. Hundertwasser said that human beings are actually guests in the nature and should behave in a humble way and with respect to it, even in the centres of big cities.

Outside Austria, a great example of this are the famous Public Toilets in Kawakawa in New Zealand, where Friedensreich Hundertwasser lived and worked for 25 years.

Last project: Die Grüne Zitadelle in Magdeburg

In 1999, shortly before his death, Hundertwasser started designing Die Grüne Zitadelle (Green Citadel) in Magdeburg in Germany. His work remained unfinished, but was completed in 2005.

Works by Hundertwasser located in Austria

  • Hundertwasser-Krawina Haus, Vienna (1979-1986)
  • Rupertinum, Salzburg (1980-1987)
  • Mierka Getreidesilo (grain silo), Krems (1982-1983)
  • St. Barbara Kirche (Church of St. Barbara), Bärnbach, Styria (1987-1988)
  • Dorfmuseum, Roiten, Lower Austria (1987-1988)
  • Textile Factory Rueff, Muntlix, Vorarlberg (1988)
  • Fernwärme Wien-Spittelau (heating plant), Vienna (1988-1997)
  • Autobahnraststätte (highway restaurant, highway A2 Vienna-Graz), Bad Fischau-Brunn, Lower Austria (1989-1990)
  • KunstHausWien, Vienna (1989-1991)
  • Village by Hundertwasser-Krawina Haus, Vienna (1990-1991)
  • Hundertwasser-Brunnen (fountain), Zwettl (1992-1994)
  • Pavillon DDSG Ponton Wien, Vienna (1992-1994)
  • Spiralfluss Trinkbrunnen I, Linz (1993-1994)
  • Krankenstation (Onkologie), Graz (1993-1994)
  • Thermendorf (hot springs village), Bad Blumau, Styria (1993-1997)

Works by Hundertwasser located outside Austria

  • Rosenthal Factory, Selb, Germany (1980-1982)
  • Kindertagesstätte, Heddernheim, Germany (1988-1995)
  • In den Wiesen (residential project), Bad Soden, Germany (1990-1993)
  • Wohnen unterm Regenturm, Plochingen am Neckar, Germany (1991-1994)
  • Countdown 21st Century Monument for TBS, Tokyo, Japan (1992)
  • Quixote Winery, Napa Valley, USA (1992-1999)
  • Spiralfluss Trinkbrunnen II, Tel Aviv, Israel (1994-1996)
  • Kid’s Plaza, Osaka, Japan (1996-1997)
  • Martin Luther Gymnasium, Wittenberg, Germany (1997-1999)
  • Maishima Incineration Plant, Osaka, Japan (1997-2000)
  • Waldspirale, Darmstadt, Germany (1998-2000)
  • Markthalle, Altenrhein, Switzerland (1998-2001)
  • Public Toilets, Kawakawa, New Zealand (1999)
  • Hundertwasser Umweltbahnhof (environmental railway station), Uelzen, Germany (1999-2001)
  • Maishima Sludge Center, Osaka, Japan (2000-2004)
  • Die grüne Zitadelle von Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany (2003-2005)
  • Wohnheim, Essen, Germany (2004-2005)
  • Ronald McDonald Kinder Vallei, Valkenburg an der Greul, Netherlands (2006-2007)